Before we begin reading our novel, we need to build our schema about gorillas.
Schema is a way our brains allow us to interpret and organize information.
Our schema is what we already know.
It helps us learn new things because we use what we already know and apply it to new situations.
The author, Katherine Applegate, needed to conduct research about gorillas and other animals in the story. As she researched, it was necessary for her to locate explicit information to help write Ivan’s story.
When something is explicit it is clearly stated.
Explicit information comes directly from a text and helps the reader understand what he/she is reading.